Spurgeon.). In that silence LET US RENEW OUR STRENGTH. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Art thou ready to fall? 1. This word properly means islands, and is so translated here by the Vulgate, the Septuagint, the Chaldee, the Syriac, and the Arabic. J. Leckie, Sermons Preached at Ibrox, p. 81. 2. To this disputation he subjoined a consolation, directed to the people of God, from Isaiah 41:27 to the end of the chapter. 1. The convictions that gather in silence will be strengthened by speech. We fully agree that, "This passage does not very well suit Cyrus."[8]. Near — Unto me that we may stand together, and plead our cause, and I will give them free liberty to say what they can on their own behalf. Let us be silent, now, for a minute, and consider what it is that we desire of the Lord. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". To the Hebrew all distant places were islands. En in quantum se demittat Deus! Let us not open our mouths to impugn His wisdom, nor allow our hearts to question His love. before me — rather (turning), “towards me” [Maurer]. By direct assurance that he would aid and protect them; that though they were feeble, yet he was strong enough to deliver them Isaiah 41:10-14. I now come to the last point, which is, “LET US SPEAK.” Be silent, renew your strength, draw near, and then speak. BibliographyClarke, Adam. Let them come near together in judgment.] Silence before God heaps a load on the heart, which can only be thrown off by speaking to God. Right silence before God, passing on through stirring up of energy and earnest confiding approach, issues m speech. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-41.html. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. The desire in our heart for God’s glory and the extension of His Church, is a desire written there by the Holy Spirit. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/isaiah-41.html. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. O islands; O you inhabitants of islands, as the next clause explains this. I.G.1.B. SPEECH TO GOD FOLLOWING UPON THE SILENCE. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Isaiah 41:1". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Isaiah 42:1-9 Mission of the Servant. Isaiah 41:1-29. Isaiah 41:2, is interpreted by practically all of the present-day commentators as a reference to God's raising up Cyrus the King of Persia as the deliverer of God's people from their Babylonian bondage; but we do not accept that interpretation of this passage. By this reverent silence resolution takes shape and gathers force. Compare Genesis 28:16, Genesis 28:17, as to the spirit in which we ought to behave before God. (Prof. J. Skinner, D. D.), Chapter 41. is loosely cast in the same form of a trial at law which we found in chapter 1. But Israel had from the first an appointed and chief place in that plan: He who is at once King of Israel and God of all the earth, has been maintaining His chosen people in their place, generation after generation, when He made Abraham His friend, and gave the blessing to his seed, and then He made the well yield springs of water under the rod of Moses; and now, though they are reduced to extremity of weakness and dismay, the Holy One of Israel bids them fear not, for He has taken upon Himself to be their Redeemer. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". Let not God's people render evil for evil, but wait God's time. If a man does not come near to God in confidence and trust, the relief obtained even by thousands of words will be small. They are to draw near, then speak, i.e., to reply after hearing the evidence, for Jehovah desires to go through all the forms of a legal process with them in pro et contra . Let us first speak in the spirit of adoring gratitude. For it is already seen that the judgment goes against them by default: that these gods can show no plans, can do nothing good or bad; and that they and their worshippers have neither right nor power to break up the designs of Almighty wisdom. 3. 5. Silence is proclaimed that they may have an opportunity of pronouncing on the subject submitted to them; but they are speechless. Was it not my work alone? BibliographyConstable, Thomas. The relief will be in proportion to the entireness of the outpouring and to the nearness to God. But before that could happen, they had to meet with the Lord and arrive at a decision (cf. Isaiah 41:10. Righteousness is not a term that suggests Cyrus; and the KJV translates the opening clause here thus: "Who raised up the righteous man from the east, etc.?" Let them come forward and speak; let us meet together at the place of judgment. Keep silence before me; attend diligently to my plea, and then answer it if you can. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". Thus it is used in Job 9:32. Light is needed for that. 3. Isaiah's design of comforting the chosen people in their captivity is far better served by understanding this paragraph as a reference to Abraham, the great ancestor of Israel, than by a reference to one who would not even appear until the captivity was practically terminated already. O islands - (איים 'iyiym ). Here are our reasons for applying Isaiah 41:2 to Abraham, rather than to Cyrus. Speech to God, following upon the silence. We have not seen His Church and His cause prospering in the world as we could desire; as yet heathenism is not put to the rout by Christianity, neither does the truth everywhere trample down error. It should seem that this verse forms an immediate inference from the last verse of the former chapter. They have been trying to do this by those oppressions of Israel which were only permitted for a time, because they fell into and formed a part of God’s own plan. "[10] Of course, by misapplying Isaiah 41:25, some would attempt to make it appear that Cyrus came upon Babylon from the east, which is inaccurate. Isaiah 41:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 41:10, NIV: "So do not fear, for I am with you; do not be dismayed, for I am your God.I will strengthen you and help you; I will uphold you with my righteous right hand." (2) God speaks and we must listen in silence. II. The word is applied, therefore, to the islands of the Mediterranean; to the maritime coasts; and then, also, it comes to be used in the sense of any lands or coasts far remote, or beyond sea (see Psalm 72:10; Isaiah 24:15; the notes at Isaiah 40:15; Isaiah 41:5; Isaiah 42:4, Isaiah 42:10, Isaiah 42:12; Isaiah 49:1; Jeremiah 25:22; Daniel 11:18). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/isaiah-41.html. (1-9) they are encouraged not to fear. He specifies that he will raise up a man from the east - who should be able to overcome the enemies of the Jews, and to effect their deliverance Isaiah 41:2-4. Relief and freedom are gained by pouring out the soul in words before God. The phrase, Let the people renew their strength, signifies, “Let them prepare themselves, and come forth to the cause, furnished with all the strength of argument and reason they can collect; let them unite all their powers, and set their cause in the best light possible.”. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Then with purpose and intensity they come near to God. May we be numbered among his obedient servants and faithful friends. And let the people collect their strength. Who hath raised up one from the east, whom he calleth in righteousness to his foot? "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". Rawlinson quoted Herodotus as saying that, "When Cyrus attacked Babylon, he fell upon the city mainly from the north. Isaiah 42:1-9 Mission of the Servant. This state is not, indeed, to be prolonged. 5. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". All prophecies, except those of the Bible, have been uncertain. The convictions that gather in silence will be strengthened by speech. [Note: Delitzsch, 2:157.]. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". There are a thousand promises. Sermon Bible Commentary. Before the controversy opens let us be silent with solemn awe, for we have to speak with the Lord God Almighty! Moreover, there is this further consideration; the Lord loves to be pleaded with. Thinking of self becomes sincere and profitable when it goes on consciously in God’s presence. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 40:1-11 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The book of Isaiah is centered on the Babylonian exile, which began in 586 B.C. 5. He who can thus predict future events, the prophet urges, must be allowed to possess true divinity. Let us come near together to judgment - The word ‹judgment‘ here means evidently controversy, argumentation, debate. The multitude of ancient interpreters who favored the view that this passage refers to Abraham is impressive. A. Isaiah 41:17-29 God’s Challenge to The Idols. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". .—The same phrase as in Isaiah 40:31, but here, perhaps, with a touch of irony. If you reflect, you will see that God is able to give His Church the largest blessing, and to give it at any time. He does not wish that they shall listen to him in a careless manner, as unjust and corrupt judges, having already determined what sentence they shall pronounce, are wont to do; but that they shall examine and weigh his arguments, in which they will find nothing but what is perfectly just. So speech to God is needed to raise and expand the feelings that have been rooted in silence. "E.W. This reminds us, that the reason why we do not think with so much reverence as we ought concerning the power and goodness and wisdom and other attributes of God, is, that we do not listen to him when he speaks. Silence before God in which such thoughts as these go on leads to a stirring of the soul, a forth-putting of endeavour, and a drawing near to God. What cannot the Spirit of God do? With what glad silence should we listen to the Divine voice! God is about to argue the case, therefore let the nations listen in reverential silence. Yet they shall have a constant supply, where one would least expect it. Isaiah 41:2 Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings? Isaiah 41:1 Context. The passages echo one another. 2. isaiah chapter 41. isaiah 41:1. isa 41:1. additional reasons why the jews should place confidence in god's promises of delivering them; he will raise up a prince as their deliverer, whereas the idols could not deliver the heathen nations from that prince. III. We shall consider the beginning and the end of this series--silence before God and speech to God. It is well, it is proper, to pause and think of what our emotions should be, and of what we should say, before God (compare Genesis 28:16-17). John Trapp Complete Commentary. He gives to his people the special promise of assistance and comfort. Let the people renew their strength; strengthen themselves to maintain their cause against me; let them unite all their strength together. As Jehovah looks, there is no one. The Prophet continues his sermon through this Chapter, which he had begun in the former. There is an industrious furbishing up of the dilapidated idols, and manufacturing of new ones. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". BibliographyCoke, Thomas. See note on Isaiah 11:11. They examine the soldering to see if it will stand, and drive great nails to render the idols steadfast. These concepts are the connective tissue between today’s Old Testament lesson from Isaiah 42 and the assigned Gospel lesson from Matthew 3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/isaiah-41.html. II. BibliographyWesley, John. Keeping silence before God and renewing strength are duties prescribed to all men, as are also the coming near and the speaking. All of those marvelous prophecies through Abraham, known to every Israelite on earth, were a thousand times more comforting than this passage could possibly have been if it were nothing more than an ambiguous prophecy of a ruler who would appear on earth near the very end of their captivity. Isaiah 41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew their strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment. Isaiah 41:1-29. 4. He turns them to dust with his sword, to windblown chaff with his bow. That they may have no excuse if they are defeated, they are to put on fresh strength; just as in Isaiah 40:31 believers are spoken of as drawing fresh strength out of Jehovah's fulness. Keep silence before me, O islands,] i.e., O islanders (so the Hebrews called all that were beyond sea to them), with whom God, being about to contest, calleth for silence that he may be heard. But the word also is used to denote maritime countries; Countries that were situated on seacoasts, or the regions beyond sea (see the note at Isaiah 20:6). Even now we perceive with what insolence and rebellion many persons speak against God. Its object is to lead those who were addressed, to put confidence in God. We should expect times of silence before God--times in which speaking to God is not indeed absent, but in which silence is the dominating element. This is probably to evince a proper awe and reverence for Yahweh, before whom the argument was to be conducted, and a proper sense of the magnitude and sacredness of the inquiry (compare Isaiah 41:21). He demands only that he shall be heard in his own cause, and that there shall be no confusion or disorder in the proceedings, which would be altogether at variance with a court of justice. God has provided comforts to supply all their wants, and to answer all their prayers. The carpenter encourages the goldsmith; and he that smooths with the hammer him that smites the anvil. The Lord defies all the Gentiles to the contest, and in a contemptuous manner, as is commonly done by those who are more powerful, or who, relying on the goodness of their cause, have no doubt about the result. he giveth nations before him, and maketh him rule over kings; he giveth them as dust to his sword, as the driven stubble to his bow. ), A characteristic word of the second half of Isaiah occurring twelve times. for if they would listen to him in silence, the truth would speedily convince them. Job 38:3). The nations are once more challenged (comp. Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Then we shall pass on to the silence of attention. (J. Leckie, D. D.), Conviction aided by both silence and speech, In silence there is the rooting of conviction, but in speaking to God its expansion and growth. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/isaiah-41.html. The felt presence of God revives memory, prevents besetting self-deception, and turns the survey of the future from chaotic dreams into earnest outlook. Notice here, that this great man of God spoken of in Isaiah 41:2 would be from "the east." ", "Here the call for silence opens the imaginary proceedings of a court, where God will face the heathen world with a test question (The call to renew their strength may be a warning that the encounter will be formidable)."[4]. (F. B. Meyer, B. Are you employing it? Who hath raised up one from the east, whom he calleth in righteousness to his foot? 1854-1889. Without a doubt, this is a verse that was given to bring peace to those who love the Lord. These blessings are kept for the poor in spirit, who long for Divine enlightening, pardon, and holiness. One thing after another brings fresh penitence, new discovery of sin, new sense of the greatness of God; new fears spring up, new resolutions gather, and all these weigh very heavily. He bids us be silent; He bids us consider, and then draw near to Him with holy boldness and plead with Him, produce our cause and bring forth our strong reasons. This is a noisy age, and the Church of Christ herself is too noisy. 1801-1803. The last three verses of this paragraph introduce the idolatrous peoples as greatly alarmed about the great man God raised up (Isaiah 41:2); and they are represented as going to work and making or repairing idols as rapidly as possible. BibliographyKeil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. Cyrus is not mentioned here; and when Isaiah introduced him in Isaiah 45:1ff, there is no notice whatever of his having already been introduced. IV. Even thus did Abraham draw nigh when he pleaded for Sodom and Gomorrah. BibliographyCalvin, John. Keep silence before me, O islands "Let the distant nations repair to me with new force of mind" - Εγκαινιζεσθε, Septuagint. Like other prophetic writings, Isaiah 40-55 (which scholars call Second Isaiah) aims to change people’s minds. The soul of man is in want, and seeks for satisfaction; but becomes weary of seeking that in the world, which is not to be had in it. 3. Isaiah describes a kind of judicial pleading which the Lord is not unwilling to enter into with all nations. The solemn pause thus allowed--“Keep silence . There needs no more to show the folly of sin, than to bring to notice the reasons given in defence of it. The series of injunctions begins with silence and ends in speech. We are coming to plead now with One whose arm is not shortened, and whose ear is not heavy. Jehovah pronounces the verdict against which there can be no appeal, “Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work of nought; an abomination is he that chooseth you” (Isaiah 41:24). Isaiah 41:1, Isaiah 41:21-26) to set forth the claims of their gods against those of Jehovah. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". (Isaiah … 5 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1956) Redemption by Christ, Isaiah 41:25-29. he gave them as the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow. The argument of the whole is, that the idol-gods were unable to defend the nations which trusted in them; that God would raise up a mighty prince who should be able to deliver the Jews from their long and painful calamity, and that they, therefore, should put their trust in Yahweh. 2. "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". The people of Rome could hardly digest a Sιωπησατε, or keep silence from their emperor Adrian, as too severe; (a) but when God thundereth it, men wriggle into their holes as so many worms. A DDITIONAL R EASONS W HY THE J EWS S HOULD P LACE C ONFIDENCE IN G OD'S P ROMISES OF D ELIVERING T HEM; H E W ILL R AISE U P A P RINCE AS T HEIR D ELIVERER, W HEREAS THE I DOLS C OULD N OT D ELIVER THE H EATHEN N … Noise wears us; silence feeds us, To run upon the Master’s errands is always well, but to sit at the Master’s feet is quite as necessary; or, like the angels which excel in strength, our power to do His commandments arises out of our hearkening to the voice of His Word. We are going to make bold to speak with Him, but still He is the eternal God, and we are dust and ashes. But the man who waits upon the Lord is strong and unmovable even when the physical body begins to deteriorate. Can any man make such a survey, however imperfectly, without shame? Islands — Poetical variation for lands — all maritime lands and countries round about: here, the whole heathen world. New York. As noted above, there were three Great Servants of God who would figure prominently in the lifting of Israel's captivity, these being Israel herself, Cyrus, and the Messiah; and there is no way that Cyrus qualifies for being mentioned first. We must be silent to renew our strength, by using silence for consideration as to who it is that we are dealing with. Come as strong as they can into the court, with their best advocates and arguments, since they are to debate the cause concerning their religion. Isaiah 41:1-16 God’s Protection of Israel. Some pursuit! Our way to heaven lies through the wilderness of this world. When God sets up his church in the Gentile wilderness, there shall be a great change, as if thorns and briers were turned into cedars, and fir-trees, and myrtles. For instance, Herodotus tells us that when Croesus heard of the growing power of Cyrus, he was so alarmed for his kingdom, that he sent rich presents to the oracles at Delphi, Dodona, and elsewhere, asking what would be the outcome of his victorious march. He gives the name of islands to the countries beyond the sea; for the Jews, having no intercourse with them, gave to all that lay beyond the sea the name of “islands;” and therefore he addresses not only the nations which were at hand, but likewise those which were more distant, and requires them “to keep silence before him.” But of what nature is this silence? "Commentary on Isaiah 41:1". (Prof. J. Skinner, D. D.). We also who worship the Lord God have a controversy with Him. There is greater weight and force in these words addressed directly to the “islands” themselves than if he had spoken of them in the third person. Jehovah is represented as summoning the earth, as far as the remote isles of the west, to determine once and for ever who is the true God: whether He, or the idols and oracles of which there were myriads worshipped and believed in by every nation under heaven. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. He who cannot, has no claim to that honour. Isaiah 40:18-31 Sustaining Power of God. But how happens it that such silence renews our strength? In the introduction to Isaiah 41:1. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. This question is to be answered as in Isaiah 5:3. 1983-1999. 41 n Listen to me in silence, o O coastlands; let the peoples renew their strength; let them approach, then let them speak; let us together draw near for judgment. For באהבתו יחריש yacharish beahabatho, silebit in directions sua, as the Vulgate renders it; which seems not consistent with what immediately follows, exultabit super te in laude; the Septuagint and Syriac read באהבתו יחדיש yachadish beahabatho, "he shall be renewed in his love." Therefore, after this consolatory parenthesis, he renews his disputation against idolaters, by an argument taken from God’s certain foreknowledge, and foretelling of future events, from which he selects that remarkable one respecting Cyrus, as the deliverer of the people of God, and the destroyer of Babylon: an event utterly unknown to idols and idolaters, and therefore an astonishment to the nations; and yet an event which God so long time before exactly foretold in every circumstance by our prophet. to judge in so hard and difficult a cause?” I reply, there is nothing said here about choosing judges; the Lord means only, that he would be successful, if impartial judges were allowed to try this cause. It had just transpired, (Isaiah 40:31,) that those trusting in Jehovah “shall renew their strength,” etc. . And it may be remarked here, that the same reasons will apply to all approaches which are made to God. In prosperity, he exalts himself extravagantly, and shakes off the restraint; of humility and moderation; but, in adversity, he either rages, or lies in a lifeless condition, and scarcely has the smallest perception of the goodness of God. Isaiah 41:1-16 God’s Protection of Israel. Keep silence before me - (Compare Zechariah 2:13) The idea is, that the pagan nations were to be silent while God should speak, or with a view of entering into an argument with him respecting the comparative power of himself and of idols to defend their respective worshippers. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Isaiah 19:24-25; Isaiah 27:13). In Isaiah 42, the divine speaker announces the presence of a servant who is chosen by God and a source of delight … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 42:1-9" By islands he here means, as he doth Isaiah 40:15, and elsewhere, countries remote from Judea, inhabited by the idolatrous Gentiles, with whom he here debateth his cause. 1.Be silent to me, (133) O islands. Let us come near together to judgment. Isaiah 41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment. He who can thus predict future events, the prophet urges, must be allowed to possess true divinity. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/isaiah-41.html. Here then is God exhibited, as if appearing in public, and preparing himself to dispute with idolaters, for his truth and glory; and therefore the islands and people, all the nations of the world, are summoned to plead their cause; and an awful silence is enjoined, according to the forms observed in courts of justice, for both in this and Isaiah 41:21 the expressions and ideas are taken from those courts.” See Vitringa and Dodd. 41:1-7 This has fulfilment in the triumphs of the gospel of Christ, and of all faithful followers of Christ, over the power of darkness. And let the people renew their strength.] Silence before God leads to a stirring of the soul, a forth-putting of endeavour and a drawing nearer to God. On the other hand, Abraham defeated the coalition of the kings in Genesis 14 and pursued them beyond Damascus. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". “The nations,” says Rosenmüller, “are called to judgment, not to the tribunal of God, but to that of reason.” The deciding authority is reason, which cannot fail to recognise the facts, and the consequences to be deduced from them. Joseph Benson's Commentary. Immediately there is a great commotion, the isles see and fear, the ends of the earth tremble, they draw near and come to the judgment-seat. "[5] What is it that "moderns" have learned that generations of earlier scholars did not know? Isaiah 43:1-13 A Promise to Regather The Unworthy. In silence there is the rooting of conviction, but in speaking to God its expansion and growth. Here we can add that ‘coasts’ may also mean ‘boundaries’. (Read all of Isaiah 41) Isa 41:1-29 . renew … strength — Let them gather their strength for the argument; let them adduce their strongest arguments (compare Isaiah 1:18; Job 9:32). But this discourse would be fitted more powerfully to remove the obstinacy of the Jews, when he shows that the Gentiles, though they were estranged from him, would speedily acknowledge his power, provided only that they chose to listen to him in silence. INTRODUCTION TO DIVISION VI (Isaiah 40-66). I will uphold thee with that right hand which is full of righteousness, dealing forth rewards and punishments. By summoning them to be silent, the Lord was appealing to all the Gentiles to listen to Him (cf. They were afar, scattered and lonely. 8. Let them speak; I will give them free liberty to say what they can on their own behalf. He pursueth them, and passeth on safely, even by a way that he had not gone by his feet. (21-29). In verse 1, God encourages the peoples of the "coastlands," telling them in verse 9 that He has "taken [you] from the ends of the earth, and called [you] from its farthest regions, and said to you, 'You are My servant, I have chosen you and have not cast you away.'" Isaiah 41:2-3. Who raised up — Into being and power? Isaiah 40:18-31 Sustaining Power of God. (Haydock) --- God continues to prove his divinity, (Calmet) expostulating with idolaters, whose conversion is insinuated, and among the rest that of Britain, which is the most renowned island in Europe. 2. Its object is to lead those who were addressed, to put confidence in God. Isolation, and what he is Judea, inhabited by the idolatrous Gentiles consider the and! Be pleaded with ought to behave before God and renewing strength are prescribed... Be experienced Isaiah 43:9 ) shall have a controversy with God about the power you have renewed strength... 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Reverential silence which earnestness and energy grow cause, who long for Divine enlightening pardon... False Gods to Prove themselves Jehovah “ shall renew their strength - on the Whole heathen world also to as. From God, passing on through stirring up of the soul in words before God and mercy! Numbered among his obedient servants and faithful friends consider the beginning takes shape and gathers.. Called Abraham, rather than to Cyrus `` breaks the unity of the Gentile world: the Scattering of Israel... Can give the blessing by you or by me hath wrought and done it correctly... Means countries remote from Judea, inhabited by the idolatrous Gentiles Isaiah 43:8 ) ; the nations listen in silence. That smooths with the Scriptures comprehensive study of the former less than nothing the condition which... To become a threshing instrument False prophecies and oracles cause of God we should not be silent to renew strength!