EXCEL 2013 -> POWER QUERY -> From Web. I loved using the API directly — it took me in total about 20 minutes to geocode about ~4,000 distinct addresses, which I then added to my main dataset. This query says: Give me a list of adjectives used to describe the word ‘ocean’. Once you select the file, you’ll see the root nodes in the JSON file. Now we wait. On the Data tab, click Get Data > From File > From JSON. Next, we need to expand this list to new rows. Get the JSON content from the website using an HTTP action; Read the results using the Parse Json action...The JSON Parse action results looks good (Results bellow) I was able to create an Excel Insert Row action but only the first json objet is included in the excel file. Why learn VBA when I can just use the Macro Recorder? . The last approach, which we’ll cover here, is using standard COM components. Enter the following function in your module: Let's have a look at what it's doing . Here we want to populate an array with the Word collection in the items object, but first we use a helper function called GetItemCount to count the number of elements in the items object to size the array correctly. Hi Marcus, I believe that getitemcount has not been defined…, Hey Alberto, No, it’s not a dead-end if you are using the 64-bit edition of Excel. Now set a reference to the Microsoft Script Control in the Excel VBE: The script control has several other purposes, including the interpretation and execution of scripts in a host application. ... which can vary within the JSONs i want to parse. #excel #powerquery #jsonExcel is a powerful tool that allows you to connect to JSON data and read it. Step 3 – Save the information to the Excel. If the connection is successful, the formula cell will show the XML output. Simply, retrieving data from the web is the first challenge. With this table, we will do the exact same thing again for each objects column→ Expand to new rows. Read : Parse HTML in Excel VBA – Learn by parsing hacker news home page where I retrieve a web page using HTTP GET request and parse its HTML to get data from a web page. This library provides a simple method ParseJson to parse JSON string into a dictionary object which can be used to extract data. As this isn’t a true array you can’t use UBound() to determine how many items it has. Meanwhile, you should now have a list of words in worksheet one. If you’re trying to use this code in excel, you’ll need another way to handle nulls. Any chance I could also get a copy of the 64 bit workaround? One increasingly common task for Excel users is to retrieve data from the internet. You could buy a parsing library from a third-party provider. Great code and it does exactly what I need. (Excel) Loading and Parsing a JSON Array. The function finally returns the JSON it retrieved from the web-service. Enter the following test routine above the GetResponse() function. If it looks okay, then check what’s in the “items” object. excel call web service, excel connect to web service , call webservice from excel, excel soap client, vba json to exce, populate excel from web service, excel import json from web, excel macro web service, consuming web services in excel, webservice function excel. Marcus. Once the basics worked, I made an Excel pivot table from the original dataset to list the distinct combinations of city and state and used the preview batch request API to send a query with them. The object based data moves between web-based applications and software, in XML or JSON forms. [Disclaimer: the Excel-JSON import offered by the Power Query Excel add-in is only available for Windows — upvote this UserVoice feature request so the team prioritizes adding the PowerQuery Excel add-in for Mac.]. We’ll do the same transforming into table at this level: After it is converted to a table, you’ll see a small icon that lets you expand the contents into columns. Now that we have the JSON parsed, we need to add the information to the Excel. If you’re interested in some more information on how to consume web services with VBA, check out the Web Work with VBA blog post. In my case, I had a very simple dataset that had (among many) a column for the name of a US city, and another for the US state for each row. Once we’ve expanded the necessary objects (and if you want, hid unnecessary columns), we can save and load the table into Excel: Once you load the data into the Excel sheet, it will be ready to use: From this point on you can filter the data, create a pivot table, or do any other thing that you need to refine the dataset that you’re working with. btw I thought having the code as an image and forcing us to write it out was a subtle learning aid. Leverage off their work 😉. Marcus, In the example shown, this is how the data and title of each article is extracted. The summary shows the summary of the API request; for this process it is not relevant. Let me know how you go with those 2 checks. Once you’ve done that, in a new module, enter the following VBA function. Enter the URL for the REST end point and click ok. Power Query editor will show up with the URL and list of your data. In this case, to make my life easier, in the request I specified only one. Finally, just for good measure, return the number of elements found. The eagle-eyed among you probably noticed that you’re also flipping the array using the worksheet Transpose function before assigning it to the Target range. The web-service we’ll use to get data in JSON format for this example is Datamuse. It should resemble an array. After expanding the query summaries, we scroll right, and then expand the results objects column: This expansion will change the object from list to record because each list has only one record: After expanding, we’ll see data, plus some more objects: From this table, we will expand the address objects once more to get the actual addresses, and the position object to get the latitude and longitude too: At this point, we’ll see the actual latitude and longitude. The first step in the Power Query Editor is to convert the nodes into columns. I’ll keep using that approach with future posts. We’ll be pulling user data from http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/users by making a … You should get something like this: format, colour, highlight *and* ‘selectively’ number the VBA code so I could walk you through it. Just like HTML uses tags to structure a webpage, XML uses tags to structure data. If there is no JSON or it looks corrupted, if you’re running this code from work (corporate) environment, make sure there are no firewall issues stopping you from retrieving data from the web. The first thing to check is the raw JSON that has been returned from the website. What challenges have you faced importing and processing JSON data into Excel. The other alternative is “VBScript”. Next you declare another Object variable. Instead, you can use a helper function to loop through the Items object and count them. This query says: Give me a list of adjectives used to describe the word ‘ocean’. It is easy for humans to read (when formatted properly) and, because of the universal structure, it is very easy and fast for machines to parse and generate. Give it a try so we can try to narrow down the issue. I've tried to use the "Apply to each" action but got the same result. Data →Get Data →From File →From JSON Opening a JSON file using the Power Query add-in (Windows only) Once you select the file, you’ll see the root nodes in the JSON file. I’ve added that in with a quick explanation. Copyright 2020 My Excel Genius   -  Designed by Thrive Themes I’m created parsing VBA for that works, but with 200K lines of data takes a lot of time to populate spreadsheet and downloading is a lot quicker. You can use free or open-source VBA libraries like VB-JSON or VBA-JSON. The only argument it requires is the URL of the website or web service. It’s not a lot to retype, but would be nice if I could just cut and paste it. got same issue. I’ve added it back in although Thrive Architect (which is usually awesome) doesn’t seem to rendering images correctly when I edit the post. The VBA code is accessible so you’re free to play around with it. This takes the raw JSON which was returned from the website and turns it into an “object” which can be iterated through like a dictionary or collection. Data wrangling is a necessary step when working with publicly available data and enriching/preparing said data for consumption by apps, services, or even visualizing it directly with libraries such as D3.js. You will see the no of records the API returned. With the Azure Maps API key, I used the Postman app to create a few sample requests and ensure the key was working nicely. As a sanity check, I’ve emailed you a workbook with the code that happily runs as you’d expect. “MSFT” for Microsoft Corp.). You then declare a variable as the Microsoft XML parsing library and instantiate it. In the below image, the JSON … How did you solve them? JSON, which stands for JavaScript Object Notation, is another method of structuring data, although it doesn’t use tags. In the example below, we used a web service that returns current stock prices when you enter the stock symbol (i.e. Before we get cracking, let’s give a little attention to JSON. This makes it so much easier to learn than grabbing some code and only getting some comments to interpret! At that point you'll use a Loop to extract each entity and write it in whatever format you need. out = json.dumps(store, indent=4) f.write(out) Parsing an Excel file. One to hold the JSON data returned from the webservice (json), an array to hold the values parsed from the JSON object (words) and a range object (Target) so you can paste the results to a worksheet. And I’m not seeing this fix you mention. Step 1: Open The Data in the Query Editor When … Continue reading "Import JSON Data in Excel 2016 or 2019 or Office 365 using a Get & … It is due to the fact that it inherits from the PSObject class that creating a custom object is very easy. All the references are the same as yours. Online services such as the Microsoft Azure Maps service API or the Google Maps API can help to enrich location data by either geocoding, or reverse-geocoding depending on the data available, and format needed. First you declare some variables you need for this process. Once you've done the JSON parse the entities will all be available as dynamic content in Flow. If you could provide an instance of the JSON, I can make the implementation details more specific, thanks. Remember, we’re using the Datamuse web-service to test retrieving JSON data. Getting Data from a Website in JSON format using VBA, Why does excel sometimes get stuck on a group of cells, Speed Up Data Entry in Excel with Prompts. I’m getting a “class not registered” error on line 4 of ParseJson (“Set script = New…”). Remember, what was returned is a JSON object, not a VBA array. Its exact location may differ on your computer. Excel Questions . Remember, we’re using the Datamuse web-service to test retrieving JSON data. You’ll be using two COM libraries to do all the heavy lifting for you. You could have used this to populate a listbox, create a report, anything you'd normally do with extract data. I’m using fake data from http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/ which is an API service with fake Json data. I’ll probably update this post with your and his feedback as it’s been really helpful to know what things can go wrong. The first step was to create an Azure Maps account from inside the Azure Portal and obtain an API key. Hi Marcus. Provided you’ve got a reference set to the Microsoft XML library and Microsoft Script Control, your VBA code should compile and run. All the code is missing after “What’s in the JSON?” Is there a way to get that back? Marcus. This sheet having the primitive data types for example. A JSON array is JSON that begins with "[" and ends with "]". Read JSON Api in Excel VBA where I call JSON Apis using HTTP GET and … . I’ve checked and checked and my code is identical to yours. All the best, One to hold the JSON data returned from the webservice... Next you call the GetResponse function, passing the URL and have the resulting JSON assigned to the json variable. You can see it accepts a web URL as an input parameter and will return some text (as a string). When receiving data from a web server, the data is always a string. However, you can peer inside the object as well as loop through it to pluck out data you’re interested in. I want to place the contents into an excel sheet in a table format using VBA How to do; please help. Import JSON to Excel. VBA - How to convert JSON to Table ? As part of a UW class on information visualization taught by Brock Craft, I found myself changing gears from big data, to much smaller data. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). Admittedly, the JSON data structure used in this example was not very complicated. For example, this is a JSON array that contains 3 JSON objects. When the MS Script Code does is convert the blog of JSON text you saw in the browser screenshot above to something structured. In layman’s terms, it is a string of text that represents a universal data structure. I was really enjoying this post, but then at the end it seems some code is missing. In my defense, having to type code – rather than copy-and-paste – really does help to learn it 🙂. Depending on your specific needs you might need to fine tune the API request, or filter specific fields returned by the API. What this means is that we can leverage other COM components and libraries quickly and (usually) easily. Enter this routine above the GetResponse() function. Marcus has been an Excel & VBA developer for over 20 years working in the trenches in Investment Banks and Assets Managers, previously in Melbourne and now in London. A couple of ways you can do this. Whew! The second is the Microsoft Script Control. If you looked at it in the VBE Locals window, it would look like this: Okay, to be pedantic, it’s a JScript – Microsoft’s ‘version’ of JavaScript – object. The Excel WEBSERVICE and Excel FILTERXML Worksheet functions can be used to pull Internet data from a URL into a cell in a Excel spreadsheet.While the first pulls raw HTML data the second allows you to filter XML formats. Before we Parse JSON using VSTO, we need to import the Newtonsoft library we will use to parse our JSON. At the end of the day, Excel is just one big component. The WEBSERVICE function returns the XML based data from a website or web service on the Internet or Intranet. Click it to see the contents of the record object and to expand it: After expanding, the table will show a record object and a list object in each row. Update the Test_GetResponse routine so it looks like this: If this returns a value greater than zero, you swing into action and define where you want the list of words entered and assign the array to that range. This was a better approach than querying for the same city and state hundreds, or thousands of times. Excel up till now has been mostly an offline application.Although, you can use VBA, PowerQuery or other similar data tools in Excel … The first is the Microsoft XML parser library which also includes the ability to query a website and retrieve data. For example; is it a code problem or a PC configuration problem. I’ve found a work-around for 64-bit versions of Excel which I have emailed to you. I have a json string returned from SAP odata. Take your time to example the returned data in the Locals window and you'll be in a better position to parse even the most complicated JSON data. Thanks for dropping by – glad you liked it 🙂 I’ll update this post shortly to include this fix and provide a fully documented workbook everyone can download. Read on to discover the easiest and fastest method to get JSON data into Excel... You’ve got several approaches to parsing data from the web which is in JSON format: You could write your own VBA code to parse the JSON data. Watch the video or read the steps below! The login page will open in a new tab. How did you know the element you wanted was called “word”? We see the meta data from the results of the API, this is the data about the resulting data such as the total number of records matching our query parameters (even though we’ve limited the results to 5 of these). If you're still wrestling with some JSON data let me know about that too. To parse the json column, first select the column, then on the Transform Ribbon select Parse and select JSON Power query will recognise the first [ and create a list format. But most people run into a roadblock with the second challenge: wrestling with data in JSON format. With this wrangling step complete, you should be able to import your data into D3.js or other application and start to work on the visualization. Next, you’ll open a connection to the web-service with the URL, request that the data come back in JSON format and send the request. A Google search hasn’t helped. The code example in the post works without issue. Parse JSON using VSTO and Import to Excel. We have three quick syntax section for readers to quickly use it as a reference in order for them to come back later. My goal: enrich each row in the dataset with the latitude and longitude to be able to use D3.js more efficiently. But for your purposes, you just need it to parse JSON. Parsing Excel, JSON, and XML are very easy in PowerShell. Hey Gopal, It runs on my Windows 10 / Excel 2016 laptop. What I will do is make the whole working spreadsheet available as a download. Notice that the structure “looks” like a regular array with a hierarchy. Originally designed for JavaScript, JSON is now used widely for transmitting data between apps and across the web. Lets consider a sample excel sheet with some values, I will use the following sheet as a sample in this tutorial. The next best option was to format, highlight and number the VBA code in PowerPoint and then save it as a image. If you step through the code, you should be able to view the contents of the items object. Once the Query Editor has loaded your data, click Convert > Into Table, then Close & Load. Right Click on List in that table -> To Table and say ok in the next dialog. You can see how to do it in the Azure Maps documentation here. Now that you’ve looped through the object and populated the array that was passed by reference, the function returns a count of how many items were found. I copied the response data into VS Code and saved it as .JSON to then work with the file in Excel. While many of these libraries do work, some do have their own issues, may not be supported and often suffer from performance issues. Thanks for the feedback about how I split & explain the portions of code. The first couple of lines declare some constants to make the code easier to read and avoid including any “magic numbers”. When the query editor opens, we can see that Excel has recognized the output as JSON and applied the JSON.Document parsing to the result. If you pasted this URL into your web browser, it’d look something like this: You've got a clean and simple way to retrieve data from a web-service. We’ll just staying in holding pattern until the request (declared as a Microsoft XML object) tells us it’s finished. This approach is only recommended if you have acute masochistic tendencies. However, the same principles apply to more complex data structures. Thanks, Douglas. Good pick-up – you’re absolutely right – I forgot to include the code listing for the GetItemCount helper function. Have fun!-jack (NOTE: NZ() in Excel – the NZ() function is an Access function and not available in excel. Try adding the following line right after the script.Eval line above: This will spit out the raw JSON to the Immediate window so you can check it. Web services are a great way to send and receive data over the internet. Add a final step ”Excel” and pick “Add row to a table.“ Fill in with the location of the excel that you created in step 1. However, the script control is a 32-bit library and doesn’t play nicely with the 64-bit edition of Excel. You then use ScriptControl's Eval to parse the JSON into a structure you can interrogate. It lets you retrieve a list of words based on a variety of criteria including meaning, spelling, sound and vocabulary. I’m having the same challenge as Phil and Jean, having 64-bit version (work). Any idea what might be causing this. For example, you could retrieve a list of words related to duck that start with the letter ‘b’, or adjectives that are often used to describe ocean. A common use of JSON is to exchange data to/from a web server. This is then populated by asking the Script Control to evaluate the JSON. With Excel 2013 for the desktop, we pulled the latest weather and tide information from the internet into Excel using the =WEBSERVICE(url) function–and the best part is the information updates automatically! I couldn’t find a WordPress plugin which would let me The first thing you’ll need to do is set a reference to the Microsoft XML parser library in the Excel Visual Basic Editor (VBE): You should find the Microsoft XML library in the list of References. | Powered by WordPress. A list of the associated search results for the query which can contain 1 or more results depending on the request settings. [As a prerequisite, you need an Azure subscription — you can get some free credit when signing up for Azure]. A JSON array, in its simplest form, is a list of values separated by a comma that begins with [ and ends with ]. Now you just need an efficient way to parse the JSON and load it into Excel. The formula in B7 extracts the date, and trims extra characters with the MID function to create an Excel-friendly date: = MID(FILTERXML(B4,"//item/pubDate"),6,11) Note that these are links that you can navigate to. Is it just me or is all of the code presented as images? If you have data stored in JSON format that you would like to import into Excel, it’s now very easy and doesn’t require any VBA to import data locally from the disk or from a web API. upvote this UserVoice feature request so the team prioritizes adding the PowerQuery Excel add-in for Mac, you can get some free credit when signing up for Azure, 4 Easy steps to setting up an ETL Data pipeline from scratch, The Quickest Analytics to Build Your Instagram Business, Handling locale letters in Power BI using Synapse SQL, Pythonic Tip & Tricks — Frequency Extraction, A query record (the query we did for each row, such as. To do this click on the arrows on the top of the column and select Expand to New Rows. Now you have a simple routine to parse your JSON data, enter the specific data you want into an array and tell you how many items it found. They will look like this once they are converted: Click on the item List since it contains all the records we’re interested in. You’re absolutely right – they are images. I’m using the 64-bit edition of Windows 10 with the 32-bit version of Excel. Is it incomplete or corrupt for example. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation and is a lightweight data-interchange format. JSON Array. Another commenter, Phil experienced issues as he’s running a 64-bit edition of Excel (I’m running a 32-bit edition). You then loop through each top-level element in the object, retrieving the value for “word” and passing it to the VBA array. First you declare your ScriptControl variable and set the Language property to "JScript", Microsoft's flavour of JavaScript. First you declare some variables you need for this process. Please log in again. Remember, JSON is composed of a couple of simple data structures, the main one being an unordered set of name/value pairs (essentially a dictionary). Read How to build a simple weather app in Excel VBA where I make a HTTP Get request to weather API. This path (of parsing JSON) has been travelled by others before you. Parse Excel file to JSON Object. Cheers, It’s right there in the JSON string that you retrieved earlier. When I run this I get Run-time error 438 “Object doesn’t support this property or method” on the For Each statement in the GetItemCount helper. The steps of parsing the excel sheet is almost the same as with the csv file except for a few diffrences we will discuss throughly Hi @Jakuza90,. Covert Excel to JSON in unity 3D. Just prior to calling the GetItemCount helper function, there’s this line: Set items = script.Eval(“(” & response & “)”). Open the JSON file using the Power Query add-in: Data →Get Data →From File →From JSON. Browse to your JSON file location, select it, and click Open. click on the list -> Right click->drill down. Before we look at the code in more detail, let’s take a quick peek at what’s inside that JSON object we retrieved from the web-service. Let’s see an example. In one recent project, it took 93 days from request to authorisation to installation to get my favourite VBA productivity suite, MZ-Tools installed. Parse the data with JSON.parse(), and the data becomes a JavaScript object. When the result from WEBSERVICE is XML, you can use the FILTERXML function to parse the data. Any suggestions? You then define an object variable called items (original, I know) to hold the data structure. This sounds simple enough (and as you’ll soon see, it is). Other than the missing code, I love how you divide and explain each portion of the code you have. Datamuse is a word-finding query engine. Great post thanks. You’re right, the listing for Test_GetResponse went AWOL! But if you’re in a corporate environment, you may find it difficult to purchase non-standard software products. The Code you provided is the JSON schema, and the original data should have an array, so you can use the Apply to each action to add these data into an Excel table by using Add a row into a table action. This guide covered some basic steps to import a JSON file into excel and how to expand the contents to see the actual data returned by the Azure Maps API. This is because each row represents: If you notice the Postman screenshot, shows the first few rows of the result — you can see how results is in fact a list of records. The first few lines declare a variable, script, as being a shiny new MS Script Control object and tells it you want to use “JScript”. ... xmlhttp.setRequestHeader "Accept", "application/json" xmlhttp.Send 'JSON is pasted fully into cell A1 Range("A1") = xmlhttp.responseText 'Now i need to convert JSON to a readable table without knowing the data types.