More dense baseballs have less bounce and can cause more damage to a bat. Alarmed by this drastic increase in performance, the NCAA implemented a bat performance standard for the 1999 season. a. BBCOR Bats BBCOR bats are designed for advanced ballplayers and are made with a default -3 drop, which is the standard for high school, collegiate and adult leagues. These often have a larger, more forgiving sweet spot than their aluminum counterparts and reduced vibration on mis-hit balls helps minimize the sting in your hands. BBCOR bats are drop 3 bats used in regulation play for collegiate and high-school baseball players. In short, you have to maintain two things: your handle, and the barrel of your bat. Two things are true. During the 2008 season the NCAA became aware of the fact (well known in the slow-pitch softball world for several years) that the performance of composite bats improves as the bats are broken in through use. Greenwald's definitive study on real-world bat-exit speed was done in 2002, and showed a bat-exit speed of 98.5 mph for a wooden bat and speeds of 100.8 to 106.5 mph for aluminum bats. This change would have had an effect on bat swing speeds and might partly explain the immediate drop in batting averages starting in 1986. The Major League has never permitted the use of aluminum bats for safety and competitive reasons. However, the earned-run average data is quite informative, because a comparison between ERA data and the number of strike-outs per 9 innings clearly shows the impact of the bat on the game of college baseball. A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the sport of baseball to hit the ball after it is thrown by the pitcher.By regulation it may be no more than 2.75 inches (7.0 cm) in diameter at the thickest part and no more than 42 inches (1.067 m) in length. This is a drop -3 BBCOR Bat that is legal to use in High School Baseball and in NCAA. It would be interesting to see the break down for base hits and doubles compared to home runs and strike outs for the same time period. CHECK PRICE ON AMAZON. We know you want your baseball bat as fast as possible, so we offer Free 2nd Day Air on most high end bats. So, it is difficult to conclude whether the higher batting averages are due primarily to aluminum bats, or poor pitching, or a combination of both. You will be astonished to know that for its strength and countenance, this material is used to produce a car, motorbike, boat even the airplane. cork bate are illegal in baseball . Secondly, since metal bats don't break many pitches that might have resulted in a broken bat dribbler for an out with a wood bat now result in base-hit singles from an aluminum bat. To become certified, bats must pass tests conducted by independent labs, which is what BBCOR Certification and USABat Standard use. As pretty much any hitter who has used both metal and wooden baseball bats can tell you, metal bats are vastly superior. Aluminum bats constructed with a double alloy layer offer added durability and power. Because the ball exits the aluminum bat with a higher velocity than would a ball from a wooden bat, there is naturally a greater danger of injury to defensive players. Louisville Slugger Omaha 517 BBCOR Baseball Bat. The number of home runs per game and runs scored per game are perhaps the two trends that reveal the most information about bat performance in the field. The drop in batting average after 1985 is very likely due to the increase in bat weight resulting from the "minus 5" rule introduced by the NCAA that year. This has never been legal under NFHS rules. Good news: if you have an aluminum bat, you’ve got far less maintenance to worry about than if you own a wooden one. Even if your kid is near 13 years old, going high school: He can use BBCOR bats wherever it’s allowed. Starting with the 1985 season the league returned to wood bats only. Focuses on minimizing risk and improving play, according to the. They liked to throw inside and often intentionally brushed back (and sometimes hit) batters who crowd the plate. A batter who can swing the bat faster has a much higher chance of making contact with the ball since he can wait slightly longer to watch the ball before committing to a swing. When players are swinging hotter bats, they will more frequently hit the ball out of the park for a home run and teams will tend to score more runs during a game. Metal bats will no longer be lethal weapons. Again, the youth baseball world is moving quickly to use baseball bats that simulate wood baseball bats. BBCOR is the standard in which baseball bats need to have a certain size and other sciency stuff. These often have a larger, more forgiving sweet spot than their aluminum counterparts and reduced vibration on mis-hit balls helps minimize the sting in your hands. 3200 S. Water St.  This change was implemented after extensive testing confirmed the scientific prediction that non-wood bats which passed the BESR + MOI performance standard could indeed hit balls up to 5-6 mph faster than a high performance wood bat. This bat ban will not go into effect until the 2020 Fall NCAA Season and will only effect NCAA Baseball Play NOT High School or any other Leagues or Sanctions. Starting in 1996 batting averages began increasing at a dramatic rate, reaching an record high during the 1998 season. Be one piece, multi‐pieces and permanently assembled, or … Both data sets indicate that immediately after aluminum bats were introduced in 1974, a greater percentage of hit balls began going over the fence and more runs were being scored each game. The rules enforcing BBCOR standards have been in place from around 2012. The reason that high schools purchase metal baseball bats is because they last longer than wooden bats. In case you have not noticed, the bats in high school baseball are not what they used to be. The historical trend of the earned-run averages for college pitchers pretty much follow the same trends as home runs per game and batting averages. When his HRs have a exit velocity now of over 100 MPH, how much more would it be with aluminum? Seriously, I can only picture somebody prepping for the Special Olympics putting Pine Tar on their aluminum bat. However, as we will see below, during the same time period that batting averages were quickly increasing, pitchers had increasing difficulty striking batters out, with the number of strikeouts per 9-innings reaching an all-time low in 1981. In the present times, high school baseball bats are made from high-quality materials like composite and aluminum alloy for enhanced durability and reliability. Different leagues have different bat restriction, that’s it. They will meet BBCOR standards. The bottom line is that aluminum bats have had an impact on the game of baseball, but that impact can be controlled or limited through the implementation of bat performance standards. The rules enforcing BBCOR standards have been in place from around 2012. Baseball and softball bats are constructed in a number of different materials. Baseball and softball leagues have bat standards set by governing bodies that dictate what bats are acceptable for use. Aluminum is the material most commonly used for baseball bats from little league through high school and college. This is very significant. The flat-seam ball is rounder and smoother, resulting in less air-drag so that it travels farther when hit. Rawlings 2020 Velo ACP BBCOR Baseball Bat. This is why you should look for in the best bat. Then, after the adoption of the flat-seam ball in 2015, ERA is again following a steep rise. Effective in August 1999, the NCAA adopted BESR performance standard, along with the "minus-3" rule for bat length and weight, introduced a lower limit on a bat's moment-of-inertia, and a reduction in the maximum allowed barrel diameter.  In the past, college pitchers have struggled making the transition from the raised-seam college ball to the flat-seam MLB ball. To schedule an appointment with a physician or other Sports Medicine expert, call 1-855-93-SPORT (77678). The content of this page was originally posted on May 25, 2005. Aluminum. Mainly the composite material refers to the reinforced carbon fiber polymer. As the data shows, both the mean batting averages and the frequency of home runs per game dropped noticeably after the return to wood. In my article "Why Aluminum Bats Perform Better than Wood Bats I discuss experimental data which shows exactly how much faster some aluminum baseball bats can hit balls compared to wood bats. In 2015 NCAA switched to a flat-seam baseball, but this appears to have had little impact on battering averages. Perhaps, BBCOR bats can be used in Junior & senior baseball leagues. The Louisville Slugger 2020 … Aluminum alloy delivers a stronger, thinner bat walls for more "pop" off the bat. Why do we … That is why I believe aluminum bats should be banned from high school and college baseball. However, the data shows that strike-outs per nine innings are way up, reaching a record high level in 2017. Use of Aluminum Bats. Generally middle schools are allowed to use bat standards approved by Little League Baseball or also use BBCOR bats. By the end of the 2011 season, batting averages dropped almost to 1972 pre-aluminum values. They are more resistant to breaking because the are made of metal. The trick is learning to hit the ball just right. The BESR standard quickly corrected the performance issues on High School and College baseball bats, and the NCAA set a maximum barrel size of 2 5/8 inches in diameter, as well as instituted the minus -3 rule (take a bats length in inches, and minus it by 3 ounces and you will have your bats weight in total ounces), i.e. However, it would be incorrect to extrapolate before 1970 to assume that batting averages have always been increasing from .000 at some point in the past. The Swing weight is a determination of how a bat’s particular weight is distributed along the bat’s length. Previous to this standard BESR bats ruled the day but, today, those are illegal in most leagues. Concerns over the safety of players - especially pitchers and infielders - and a perceived imbalance between offense and defense are the driving issues behind efforts to ban aluminum bats. It’s simple – just tell us what type of bat you need and we will present you our most recommended pieces: Youth – for kids; these bats are certified for all the youth leagues (Little League, Dixie etc. When you’re watching Major League Baseball, all players use a wood bat, per the rules of professional baseball, and they have for more than a century. This would mean that the quality of pitching has remained the same for the last several years. Younger players are allowed to use bats with higher drops. Again there is another type of composite which is known as the hybrid composite bat.It is called hybrid because only a portion of this bat is made of polymer and the rest is of either wood or aluminum. I don't know exactly what happened in the early 1980's to produce the surge in home runs, but 1985 was the year the very popular Easton Black Magic baseball bat was introduced. This may not be directly related to the introduction of aluminum bats, and bad pitching may also be part of the reason why batting averages and home runs increased in the years after aluminum bats were introduced to college baseball. I would expect to see a drop in base hits during that time period. This rule stated that the numerical difference between the bat weight (in ounces) and the weight (in inches) could not be more than 5 units. Notice, for example, that the number of strike-outs per nine innings dropped by a full strike-out in the three years before aluminum bats were introduced. Composite bats are made with a layered material that is easy to distribute, meaning we can easily shift where the weight of a bat sits. That is why I believe aluminum bats should be banned from high school and college baseball. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, http://www.acs.psu.edu/drussell/bats.html, Why Aluminum Bats Perform Better than Wood Bats, statistical trends for Division 1 College Baseball, NCAA Division I Baseball Statistics Trends 1970-2013, CWS `good baseball' replaces `gorilla ball': Teams give up power for all-around game, "Will Flat Seam Baseball Change College Game?  In this article I will display the statistical data graphically and discuss the performance trends aluminum and composite bats as well as identifying the effects of bat performance standards. Aluminum Baseball Bats Next to wooden bats, aluminum bats tend to be the most popular for leagues like high-school and even college. Metal bats will no longer be lethal weapons. The NCAA publishes a summary of statistical trends for Division 1 College Baseball, which includes yearly results for batting averages, home runs per game, runs scored per game, strikeouts per 9 innings, pitcher earned-run-averages, stolen bases, and fielding percentages. Most high school players will use a 32 or 33 inch bat that weights either 29 or 30 inches. Marucci is back in 2019 with one of … Apparently college pitchers have figured out how to throw the flat-seam ball rather effectively. Regardless of the various viewpoints and opinions which abound, I think it is safe to say that aluminum baseball bats are going to be a part of the game of amateur baseball for a long time to come. A BBCOR (Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) baseball bat is metal alloy or composite made with specific performance regulations standards deemed safe by the NCAA and the NFHS for Collegiate and high school level baseball players. High School BBCOR Baseball Bats - Largest Selection, Free Shipping* and Low Price Guaranteed! In relation to the aluminum, the composite is more complex and a hybrid material. In 1998 there were lots of earned runs and lots of strike-outs per game. However, after the BBCOR=0.5 bat performance standard was adopted in 2011, the earned-run average dropped significantly, reaching its lowest value in 2014. Previous to this standard BESR bats ruled the day but, today, those are illegal in most leagues. BBCOR Bats (or Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) are built with a minus 3 ounce Length to Weight Ratio, along with a 2 5/8" Diameter Barrel.Made from Aluminum and Carbon Fiber Composite, or a Combination thereof. $199.88. Instead it is more likely that the mean batting averages in the wood era prior to 1970 fluctuated around a value near 0.265 or so, though even this is speculation. Can I Use My Baseball Bat Or Softball Bat When It's Cold? Aluminum bats, especially ones with thinner walls, should not be used in cold temperatures. Content (plots and text) was updated on October 6, 2017. This rule change is based on NCAA-directed research, which found that composite-barrel bats fell out of compliance with the BESR standard as they aged. Composite bats are made with a layered material that is easy to distribute, meaning we can easily shift where the weight of a bat sits. If you really need the perfect way to begin the season … Here the carbon fiber polymer is the main ingredient. The new BBCOR standard replaces the previous standard, Ball Exit Speed Ratio (BESR). Find the perfect High School BBCOR Baseball Bats. Picking out the best baseball bat is largely down to preference. Whereas BESR only measured the speed of the ball coming off the bat — which can actually increase with bat use — BBCOR takes into account the “trampoline effect” of the ball meeting the bat, and is more accurate over the life of the bat. The biggest I have seen is a 34 inch bat any bigger and you can't swing fast enough, and the smallest is a 30 inch bat any smaller and you can't reach the outside of the plate. 8000 Cranberry Springs Drive However, as the data clearly shows, bat performance increased sharply during 1996-1998, even though manufacturers claimed their bats were passing the Brandt test. Although the major leagues use strictly wooden bats, a combination of composite and aluminum are used extensively in high school … With the length to weight ratio of -3 along with 2 5/8” barrel diameter, it is BBCOR Certified. First is the fact that aluminum bats typically have lower moments-of-inertia than metal bat and therefore may be swung more quickly. Adult Bats are also known as BBCOR Bats.A BBCOR 'stamp' is required for use in High School baseball play and College baseball play. Batting averages, home runs per game and earned-run averages are currently at the lowest levels they have been in more than 30 years. The NCAA is the highest level of amateur baseball where regulations allow players to hit with aluminum bats. If you’ve experienced the wonders of the Cat 7, then imagine the best parts doubled and the worst parts eliminated.. Under the new high school baseball bat rules, bats must have a “smooth cylinder implement from the top of the cap to the top of the knob.” There are some two-piece bats — composite handle and aluminum barrel — that are manufactured to look like one piece, and do not have this bump. You can also follow the NCAA and NFHS BBCOR Approved Baseball Bat list to watch as it changed. Others prefer the "crack" of a wood bat to the annoying "ping" of a metal bat. The controversy over whether or not aluminum bats should be …  So, while one could well argue that aluminum bats have helped the average player to make solid contact with the ball more often, the best players in the game are able to hit about the same with wood or aluminum, at least when it comes to batting averages. Means many two-piece bats will be illegal. Pittsburgh, PA 15203, UPMC Lemieux Sports Complex The reason why high schools and colleges use aluminum bats over wood is … Marucci Cat8 -3 College Baseball Bat. The reason why high schools and colleges use aluminum bats over wood is … From the data I have seen, this means that about 70% of the BESR-approved bats available for play during the 2009-2010 season are no longer legal for play today. Announcements Prohibited BBCOR Baseball Bats (September 2019) NCAA Bat Testing Protocol Federal Court Dismisses Bat Manufacturer’s Antitrust Lawsuit (Posted 3/25/13) The effects of the BBCOR=0.50 standard are very obvious. The NCAA is the highest level of amateur baseball where regulations allow players to hit with aluminum bats. An increase from 0.265 to 0.290 (or higher) is quite significant, and suggests that players using aluminum bats make solid contact with the ball more often than former players did with wood bats. Again, it is very important to check with your league or program’s limit first on how much drop is acceptable. If you have comments or suggestions you can send them to us using the "Contact" link below. Many people were expecting that college pitchers would have trouble adjusting to the flat-seam ball since the rounder, smoother, flatter profile makes the ball harder to control.  The drop in home runs and runs scored after 1985 may be due to the fact that the NCAA introduced the "minus 5" rule after that year. This is why we prefer aluminum bats in cold weather. Buying the best baseball bats for high school leagues can be an overwhelming task and equally tasking. If you like what you see please tell others about the site. As you can guess, they are all one-piece alloy bats and are really durable: Marucci CAT 7 BBCOR Baseball Bat You can’t have a top list of baseball bats without … MIAA Handbook Rule 65.4 – BASEBALL BATS NFHS Rule 1, Section 3 Article 2 – The bat shall have the following characteristics and components. As a result, pitchers could get a lot of players out by throwing inside pitches to batters swinging wood bats. Marucci Cat 8 BBCOR Bat. I would not be surprised to see the middle school baseball players make a move to the -3 BBCOR bats if they have not already. At the same time the NCAA was deliberating over what to do with composite bats, they were also considering a significant change in their bat performance standard. Both numbers decrease the the next several years, and then both numbers increase again in 2008. The collision between bat and ball has not changed, just the distance travelled by a well hit ball, put high into the air toward the outfield. Balls hit in the handle or taper region of a wood bat don't go very far, and often result in a broken bat. As I had expected, the NCAA adoption of the BBCOR=0.50 bat standard in 2011 has caused the number of home runs and runs scored per game to drop almost to pre-aluminum values (the lowest number of home runs per game since 1974). Adult Bats are also known as BBCOR Bats.A BBCOR 'stamp' is required for use in High School baseball play and College baseball play. The new BBCOR requires that all bats must produce a bat-ball-coefficient-of-restitution that equals 0.50 or less - which is the maximum value for a wood bat. High School and College players must use certified BBCOR bats with a minus 3 length-to-weight ratio and a 2 5/8" diameter barrel. But for the majority of youth, high school, and college leagues, players use composite materials or aluminum bats. Once bat performance was being controlled through laboratory testing and certification processes, bat performance quickly dropped, and from 2003-2007, bat performance returned to levels seen between 1978-1982 and 1989-1995. Some players use tape to taper the end of their bat so it is, in effect, made smooth at the end. Illegal bat procedures memorandum (2/5/2010) Frequently asked questions about composite bats (2/5/2010) Composite bat moratorium (7/17/2009) Bat rolling memorandum (5/19/2009) BBCOR announcement (9/16/2008) Bat listings. With a wood bat the task is much more difficult. No. There is a steady increase after aluminum bats were introduced until 1986 when weight limits were imposed. Have you ever noticed that Major League Baseball players exclusively swing wooden bats? In comparison to wooden bats, aluminum bats tend to be much lighter and longer lasting. Aluminum bats also have bigger barrels and a bigger sweet spot, which the space of the bat where you can actually hit the baseball. In Trenton, Assemblyman Patrick J. Diegnan Jr., a Democrat from Middlesex County, introduced a bill last month to prohibit the use of metal bats in youth and high school baseball leagues. This would suggest that most batters were either hitting long balls for extra bases and home runs or striking out. College pitching seems to be catching up to metal bat technology. You want to be able to maximize your timing with the bat that has heights swing weight. In the wood-only era winning teams won games by getting lots of men on base with well placed singles, moving players by stealing bases and sacrifice bunts, and applying squeeze plays. Wood baseball bats are a traditional type of bat. Personally, I might as well have gone to the plate with a wet sock than a wood bat. During the championship series USC also set records for team batting average (.378), runs scored (62), hits (88), and total bases (152). The controversy over whether or not aluminum bats should be banned for all levels of baseball (including high school and college) has been a hotly debated issue ever since aluminum bats were first allowed in college baseball back in 1974. Non-Wood Bats: Performance Trends in College Baseball. How to Choose a Baseball Bat. High school and college baseball leagues are regulated and can only swing a bat with a maximum drop of -3. Be a problem would likely be on the handle the similarity of the bat must be! Have gone to the reinforced carbon fiber is well known for it ’ length... Certified, bats must pass tests conducted by independent labs, which increases swing speeds and partly. Do n't want to think of guys like Aaron Judge swinging aluminum bats typically have lower moments-of-inertia than bat. 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